This is the third report from RFC Ambrian on sustainability in the mining industry. This report focuses on the pressures on mining companies coming from governments and regulators, NGOs and activists, as well as internal pressures from industry bodies and companies themselves.
Starting with a Tarnished Image: It is an unavoidable fact that mining causes environmental and social impacts, however, it is how these impacts are managed that is important. The mining industry is rarely wilfully negligent and usually operates with well-established ESG principles as well as adhering to relevant government safety, social, and environmental regulations. Nevertheless, every so often the industry makes the headlines for the wrong reasons, usually after an unfortunate accident or the actions of a very small minority, which tarnishes the industry as a whole and makes the industry starting point more difficult.
Pressure from Regulators & Governments: When it comes to regulating mining, most governments tend to try and strike a balance in a fair and equitable way between protecting its communities, the environment, and other national interests and allowing economic exploitation of minerals which can deliver important economic benefits. Over the past ten years, governments have begun to enact additional controls, regulations, and legislation to ensure the ESG requirements are met satisfactorily; these obligations are placing additional pressures on mining companies.
Pressures from Communities & Civil Unrest: Pressures have also been rising from local communities. Mining projects can impact communities positively with direct and indirect employment opportunities, improved community infrastructure, as well as taxes that feed back into community services. However, there are also potential negative impacts which include the damage or removal of existing community resources or indigenous heritage, and unwanted relocation. Mining companies are tackling the issues by implementing consultation mechanisms designed to empower local communities to influence decision on mining projects. Nevertheless, civil unrest has been prevalent in 2019, particularly in South America.
Pressures from NGOs and Activists: Meanwhile, confrontation appears to be increasing from activist NGOs focusing on community and environmental issues. These pressures are harder to manage, although some governments have suggested measures to limit the impacts of activists. Ultimately, the real solution for the mining industry is to convince society It can operate in a sustainable manner and has responded by developing a range of self-supporting measures as well as independent third-party reviews.
More Progress from the Mining Industry is Required: We believe that most mining companies have raised their levels of sustainability reporting across all fronts in recent years. Nevertheless, there is still room for improvement according to independent reviews. Additional work is required in the progression of ESG standards and reporting, a greater response to climate change risks is needed, and the continued introduction of new technology and the decarbonisation of mining operations is essential. This must be achieved with enhanced disclosure, verification, and transparency. The stakes are high for everyone, and the industry must move quickly.
For the full 18page report please click here.
RFC Ambrian has a track record of over 30 years of providing independent corporate advisory and investment services to the global mining industry, from both a technical and financial perspective.
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